Générations Futures and YOOTEST are organizing a participatory campaign to measure agricultural pesticide residues linked to agricultural spraying. This campaign is called EXPORIP for EXPOsition des Riverains aux Pesticides.
Pesticides applied to crops by spraying drift and contaminate the areas near the crops. Are the distances provided for in the legislation sufficient to protect local residents from agricultural pesticide residues? This is the purpose of this unprecedented measurement campaign.
A wipe sampling kit has been developed to sample a glass surface. It allows the collection of pesticide residues deposited on the windows of a building. The wipe is then sent to the YOOTEST laboratory for the measurement of pesticides.
For economic reasons, it is not possible to carry out an analysis of all existing products. A list of 30 phytosanitary products has been elaborated with the following criteria:
- The quantities used based on the information of pesticide sales for the year 2019 and available in the National Bank of Sales of phytopharmaceutical products by authorized distributors (BNVD).
- AASQA data on ambient air pollution by pesticides measured in monitoring stations installed in cities.
- Pesticides authorized for agricultural applications in 2021 (ANSES)
- Pesticides analyzed by the YOOTEST analysis laboratory (List of measured pesticides)
- Pesticides with a biocide use (preparations available for individuals in the trade) have been excluded to ensure that the products found are of agricultural origin.
The list is composed of :
- 18 Herbicides
- 10 Fungicides
- 2 Insecticides
The following table presents all the pesticides selected for the measurement campaign according to the quantities sold in France during the year 2019.
|Name||CAS#||Category||Endocrine disruptor||Total quantity sold (kg)|
Although widely used in France, glyphosate has not been included in this list because it requires a specific analysis protocol different from that applied to other pesticides.
This list includes plant protection products suspected of having endocrine disrupting properties and of producing health effects at very low doses of exposure (source: List of Potential Endocrine Disruptors). These products are particularly at risk for the health of pregnant women and young children.